Learn about the Different Trout Species

This post was last updated on July 26th, 2021 at 08:45 am

All About Trout Fish

There are several different species of trout around the world. Choose the trout species below that you would like more information on. We have accumulated a lot of information about almost every type of trout species including several kinds of salmon. Using the images below, you should have no trouble identifying the different types of fish in this family.

trout species
Rio Grande cutthroat trout image: fws.gov

Types of Trout – Full list of Trout Species

Brook Trout

Brook trout, trout speciesBrook trout are probably the most beautiful of all trout species. They are native to the North Eastern US and much of Canada. Brookies are also a member of the char family closely related to the Lake trout.

Gila Trout

Gila trout IDThe Gila trout is native to the South West US and is considered a threatened species. It is a close relative to the rainbow trout and cutthroat trout.

Salmon Species

Salmon Species IDSalmon are native to the North Atlantic and Pacific ocean. There are several species of salmon all of which being closely related to trout.

Apache Trout

Apache trout The Apache trout is native to the cool clean streams of mountainous Arizona. It is one of two trout native to AZ, the other being the Gila trout.

Arctic Grayling

artic grayling fish, trout speciesArctic grayling are native to cold drainage’s of the Pacific and Arctic Oceans. They can be found in abundance in Siberia, Canada and Alaska. They are also in some areas of MT in limited numbers. The arctic grayling is not actually a trout species, but since they live in many areas that are abundant with trout and are considered a game fish, we’ve included them in this list.

Brown Trout

Brown trout IDThe brown trout is native to much of Europe. It can now be found throughout the world to to stocking programs. This species is one of the most sought after trout worldwide.

Bull Trout

Bull trout IDThe bull trout is another member of the char family. It can be found in healthy rivers in the Northwest portion of the US.

Cutthroat Trout

Cuttroat trout ID

The cutthroat trout is native to the pacific ocean and rocky mountains. There are several sub species of this trout that have evolved in different areas of the US.

Dolly Varden

Dolly varden IDThe Dolly Varden trout is actually a char. It is closely related to the brook trout. These fish are native to the pacific ocean and its tributaries. Dolly Varden trout are a major species for anglers to catch in coastal Alaska.

Rainbow Trout

Rainbow trout ID

Rainbow trout are native to the pacific ocean in parts of the US and Asia. They can currently be found all over the United states due to stocking efforts.

Golden Trout

Sub species of the Rainbow trout

Golden trout species, trout species

The golden trout is native to California. It has a few healthy populations in MT and Wyoming. It prefers to live in cold high mountain streams.


TaimenTaimen are a large member of the trout family. Most closely related to salmon. They are found in Eurasia, Mongolia and Russia. If you want to experience the ultimate dry fly fishing thrill, you should look closer at this species.

Mountain Whitefish

Mountain whitefish species

Mountain whitefish are most closely related to the Arctic Grayling (above). They are found in many areas in the Northwest where you might find various trout species. They inhabit clean rivers and lakes.

 Lake Trout

Lake trout, trout speciesThe lake trout is actually a char species. It can mainly be found in deep lakes in North America, but they are often caught in rivers near lakes ad dams.

Splake Trout

Splake trout - Brook and Lake trout hybrid

Splake trout are a hybrid between the brook trout and the lake trout. They are faster growing than either species and are a great game fish.

Most of the species of trout you see on this page are found in the US, Canada and several of these trout species were originally found only in European countries, but have since been planted in the US. It is very possibly to find several of these types of trout species located well outside of their original home range from stocking efforts by private individuals and government agencies.

Trout Species FAQ

How do you identify different species of trout?

The most distinguishing feature for many trout species is the overall color of the skin and shape of the fish.

What is the most common trout?

Some of the most common trout are Rainbow trout, Brown trout, and Brook trout.

Which trout is best to eat?

Rainbow Trout is labeled a “best choice” by the EPA and FDA due to its sustainable, low mercury make up. This colorful patterned fish is a member of the salmon family and is one of the healthiest fishes you can include in your diet.

More Trout Resources